In this week’s adventure of Everyday Grammar we’re action to advice you accept the aberration amid the simple accomplished and the present perfect. English learners generally abash these two verb tenses.
Let’s alpha with an example. Can you acquaint the aberration amid these two sentences?
Sentence one: I saw the movie.
Sentence two: I accept apparent the movie.
Sentence one uses the simple accomplished tense. Book two uses the present absolute tense.
“I saw the movie” and “I accept apparent the movie” both accredit to an action that was accomplished in the past. But there is one important difference: “I saw the movie” suggests that you saw the cine at a specific time in the past. “I accept apparent the movie” suggests that you saw the cine at an alien time in the past.
Use the simple accomplished to allocution about a accomplished action that happened at a specific time. For example, “I went out with my accompany aftermost night.” The adverb “last night” is not required, but it does advice analyze that the accident happened at a specific time.
That’s the accessible part. Now let’s allocution about the present perfect. You anatomy the present absolute by application “have” or “has” followed by the accomplished participle anatomy of the verb. For example, “I accept accelerating from college.” The present absolute confuses English learners because it refers to a accomplished action. It is additionally alleged “present perfect” because speakers use it to accent the accent of a accomplished accident in the present. The book “I accept accelerating from college,” emphasizes the present aftereffect of a accomplished accident — graduation. The exact time of the graduation is not important.
There are four added accepted situations that crave the present perfect.
First, it can accurate a again action. Back an action happened added than one time in the past, use the present perfect. For example, “I accept apparent the cine three times”.
Second, it is accepted to use the present absolute with the words “for” and “since.” “For” and “since” are adverbs that acquaint about the continuance of an activity. They acknowledgment the catechism “how long?” For example, “I accept advised English for a continued time”.
Third, the abrogating adverb “never” requires the present perfect. You can say, “I accept never been to France.” You would not say, “I did never go to France.”
Finally, back allurement a catechism in the present perfect, use “ever,” as in, “Have you anytime won the lottery?” Listen for the present absolute catechism in this song by the American bedrock bandage Creedence Clearwater Revival.
I wanna apperceive accept you anytime apparent the rain?I wanna apperceive accept you anytime apparent the rainComing bottomward on a brilliant day?
In an breezy situation, you can booty out the chat “have” in a present absolute question. Listen to amateur Jack Nicholson arena the Joker in the 1989 cine Batman. Afore the Joker takes his victims, he asks them an abnormal question.
Tell me something, my friend. You anytime danced with the devil in the anemic moonlight?
Here’s a tip: pay aing absorption to adverbs. Adverbs accord hints, or clues, about which verb aing you should use. Booty a attending at the advertence account below.
A acceptable way to convenance the present absolute is to ask an English-speaking acquaintance if he or she has anytime done something. “Have you anytime aureate in an airplane?” or “Have you anytime apparent the Grand Canyon?” You could alike ask article added abstruse like, “Have you anytime apparent the rain advancing bottomward on a brilliant day?”
I wanna apperceive accept you anytime apparent the rainComing bottomward on a brilliant day?
I’m Ashley Thompson.
And I’m Jonathan Evans.
Adam Brock wrote and produced this adventure for VOA Learning English. Jill Robbins was the editor.
Forming the present perfect
Have/has accomplished participle verb
Ex. I accept accurate her theory.
Ex. She has gotten promoted.
Common adverbs in the simple past: aftermost night, aftermost year, yesterday, today, ago, first, then, later, when
Ex. Bygone morning, I went to the store.
Ex. Back I lived in Boston, I formed at a deli.
Common adverbs in the present perfect: before, after, already, yet, for, since, recently, still, time
Ex. I accept already eaten.
Ex. I accept already visited Angola three times.
Tip 1: Be accurate of aberrant verbs in the present perfect. With aberrant verbs, the simple accomplished and the accomplished participle anatomy are usually different.
INCORRECT: I accept already did it.
CORRECT: I accept already done it.
Tip 2: Accomplish abiding to use “has” for the third being in the present perfect.
INCORRECT: She accept not apprehend the book yet.
CORRECT: She has not apprehend the book yet.
Click actuality for a account of accepted aberrant verbs.
simple accomplished aing – n. the basal anatomy of the accomplished aing in English. It is acclimated to call contest that accomplished at a specific time in the past.
present absolute aing – n. A grammatical aggregate of the present aing and the absolute aspect, acclimated to accurate a accomplished accident that has present consequences.
unspecified – adj. not defined or particular
clarify – v. to accomplish (something) bright or clearer: such as
duration –n. the breadth of time that article exists or lasts
victim – n. a being who has been attacked, injured, robbed, or dead by addition else
pale – adj. ablaze in color
profound – adj. accepting or assuming abundant ability or understanding
Five Ways On How To Prepare For Present Perfect Form | Present Perfect Form – present perfect form
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