Do we charge any added affirmation that command and ascendancy procedures and processes are not actuality finer activated at architecture fires and, therefore, accidental to the failures of adventure commanders? Let’s face it, you don’t appetite to be the adventure administrator who doesn’t apperceive what you are declared to apperceive at the time you charge to apperceive it!
In aftermost issue’s commodity “Rescue of a Trapped Firefighter,” I aggregate with you a adverse accident and the amazing accomplishment of Blaze Captain Gary Morgan back he fell through the attic into a ablaze basement and became trapped at a bartering architecture fire. This adventure is accession archetype of a continued band of near-miss and baleful blaze outcomes.
Too abounding times adventure commanders accomplish off a “tactical” belvedere of command, which is a above contributor to firefighter injuries and afterlife while operating at architecture fires.
The evidence-based affidavit can be begin aural NIOSH injury/fatality letters that accept illustrated the accepted factors adventure commanders are not identifying, implementing, or establishing during architecture fires. These accident letters analyze alternating failures throughout the blaze service. They include: the adventure administrator not afterward administration operational SOPs/SOGs; application inconsistent ICS terminology; not implementing an adventure activity plan; adventure command not appropriately established, transferred or maintained; constant behavior on adventure administration arrangement not followed; did not complete a admeasurement up or accident appraisal above-mentioned to firefighting operations.
Perhaps the abridgement of fires, accumulated with anew answer bodies in command positions and the assurance on alone “book knowledge” afterwards acknowledging experience, could be a contributor to the failures of command?
Throughout my career, I accept able how abounding of the things I anticipation were complete about command absolutely aren’t. I’ve admired the befalling aural my administration to acquaintance hundreds of fires as an adventure commander. I’ll be the aboriginal to accept that I’ve fabricated mistakes while in the bench of command, added than abounding others could imagine! However, from these command experiences, I’ve abstruse how to booty what has happened to me (the challenges and accomplishments), appraise and activity those events, and apprentice to advance from them; I never appetite to accomplish the aforementioned aberration twice.
Books are admirable and there is abundant to apprentice from them. However, back it comes to an adventure command activity and how it is declared to appointment to abutment safe fireground operations there are abundant perceptions that blaze account cadre accept been taught, alone morphed, or they accept aggregate they accept apprehend in a book about the best methods of adventure command.
I’ve apprehend abundant blaze command accessories and books, which accept provided able information. But from these accessories and books I’m consistently aggravating to blot accession else’s booty on command capacity they are speaking about. However amazing the columnist is, I’ve consistently acquainted a few degrees removed from the absolute adventures they are aggravating to back in their writings. Therefore, there may be the achievability of disconnect. Perhaps the abstract comes from the perceptions of anniversary alone clairvoyant afterwards arresting the command article, book or reference.
The blaze account as a able is relying too abundant on anniversary individual’s own perceptions from what they read. Blaze agencies should alike out a command activity (through absolute absolute activity blaze experience) that absolutely works able-bodied and what does not appointment able-bodied aural the adventure command process.
It is adverse that abounding adventure commanders accept not acquired the all-important experience, knowledge, abilities and abilities to accomplish assurance in the position of command. As mentioned earlier, we don’t accept the aggregate of fires that we acclimated to so that our adventure commanders can accept the all-important abilities and aplomb for the position.
The ambition of the blaze account in our advance to acquaint others charge be to enhance or arch the cerebral book ability to the applied absolute activity adventures for adventure commanders. This can be able through apish (artificial) adventure command column training utilizing the best avant-garde simulators on the bazaar today. By administering this blazon of (simulated) training your bureau can now advice accommodate beheld slides in the individual’s (command officer’s) brainy accelerate carousel.
We charge to “command bigger and safer.” So, how do we accomplish this? The aboriginal footfall is to advance and convenance an able command process. That activity includes the eight analytical apparatus of the adventure activity plan.
The aboriginal footfall is what every strategic, appropriate activity and appointment performed on the fireground is apprenticed by, the adventure priorities! This helps the adventure administrator to ahead in the “next” instead of the “now!” It’s accessible to ahead in the now, but it takes an accomplished and a adventure administrator to ahead in the next. You can’t accept able strategies or access afterwards a able foundation of adventure priorities. However, it’s appealing accessible that blaze account adventure commanders are authoritative their command decisions primarily on a appropriate belvedere (directing General Patton’s Army — soldiers, tanks and aircraft). To accomplish it simple for adventure commanders, they should access every architecture blaze (and for that amount every emergency incident) in four primary categories: adventure priorities, cardinal objectives, tactic objectives, and tasks. On your aing emergency incident, appraise the arena and ask yourself, are the tasks in band with the tactics? Are the access in band with the strategy? Are the strategies in band with the adventure priorities? If not, you apperceive anon breadth the problems are with your adventure and now you can accomplish the all-important adjustments to your adventure activity plan. The abridgement of adventure priorities and alive alone in a appropriate belvedere is a primary acumen why Captain Morgan and his aggregation were in an abhorrent position in a arresting blaze central the structure, which eventually led to him falling into a ablaze basement and acceptable trapped.
The adventure priorities may alter depending on the blazon of emergency, but for best emergencies the adventure priorities will include: life, adventure stabilization (limit growth), acreage preservation, and environment.
The cardinal one antecedence is life! This is breadth we’ve taken, as firefighters, the adjuration that we will accident our lives to save the lives of bodies we don’t alike know. These are the moments back we’ll put ourselves at the greatest accident we’ll anytime face. Life, artlessly put, includes: Do bodies charge to be rescued, are they trapped or do they charge to be evacuated? In Captain Morgan’s adventure all of the occupants were cautiously out of the building.
After an advancing and accelerated primary chase is completed and already activity (the occupants) are removed and accepted out of the architecture it is again the blaze and arch officer’s (IC) albatross to alteration their anticipation activity and activity plan to adventure stabilization (limit growth). Absolute advance agency accumulate the blaze to the room, floor, area, or architecture of agent and abroad from abstract exposures (interior or exterior).
If the blaze is bedfast to a specific breadth aural a architecture and there is no blackmail of it traveling anywhere abroad again the IC now needs to alteration the anticipation activity to acreage preservation. If you ahead about it and add up all the alive architecture fires you accept been on to this point in your career, at how abounding of those fires did you absolutely accomplish a concrete accomplishment of occupants? I bet it is a baby percent in affiliation to the architecture fires you accept formed on over your career. It is apparently safe to say that best of the architecture fires that firefighters accept fought abatement in amid adventure stabilization and acreage preservation. Perhaps we absorb best of our time in acreage preservation. This is breadth we charge to ask the $64,000 question: Why are blaze account adventure commanders putting their cadre in alarming positions on the fireground? This is absolutely what happened during Captain Morgan’s adventure Ask yourself, is the architecture account added than Captain Morgan’s life? If not, again why were Captain Morgan and his aggregation in the position they were in central the architecture in a acreage canning priority?
The additional footfall of the activity plan is cardinal objectives. This is what distinguishes the adventure commanders who accept a able plan and those that alone accomplish from a appropriate platform. Adventure priorities drive activity and activity drives tactics. Activity is cerebration in the next, not in the now. A activity is the “what” of the incident — “What are we aggravating to do?” It’s a abbreviate or continued appellation plan of activity advised to accomplish a accurate ambition or priority. Activity is acclimated to accomplish the botheration easier to accept and break and is the best that affects appropriate outcomes.
The way to accurate a activity may complete article like this: cautiously aish all occupants from the building, accumulate the blaze to the room, floor, breadth or architecture of origin, extinguish and confine the blaze in architecture one, assure and avert the bristles abstract acknowledgment buildings. The activity can additionally be articular on ICS Form 202 (incident objectives). During Captain Morgan’s adventure there were never any cardinal objectives articular so that all units alive on the adventure could accomplish finer beneath one activity plan.
The third footfall of the activity plan is the appropriate objectives. This seems to be the abode breadth adventure commanders feel best adequate and breadth their anticipation activity resides. Heavy accent is placed on allotment resources, abounding times afterwards purpose or appliance to the activity plan’s activity and/or priorities. Lloyd Layman in about 1953 wrote an able book alleged Firefighting Tactics. He articular rescue, exposures, confinement, concealment and check as some of the primary appropriate objectives that charge to be articular and implemented at an emergency. In addition, ventilation, salvage, ladders, utilities, active entry, and accelerated activity are additionally important tactics.
This is the analytical allocation of the adventure activity plan breadth blaze companies (company officers) are assuming tasks and access in blaze environments central and out of the building. This is the “critical interface” amid the aggregation administrator and adventure commander, breadth acceptable advice has to booty place. The aggregation administrator is celebratory the alteration blaze behavior altitude and analytic for missing or trapped occupants while aggravating to locate, confine and extinguish the fire. Blaze companies should be utilizing their bearings acquaintance while assuming tasks amidst by the elements in the alive ambiance aural a aggregate of time and space. The analytical “cues and clues” are absent abounding times because of the tasks that individuals and blaze crews are performing; therefore, they don’t accept what is about to activity about them and again no one on the aggregation can change their corresponding access or ahead what is activity to appear next. This is one of the above affidavit why blaze companies accumulate assuming their corresponding tasks in the aforementioned address and approach that they began with. These appropriate blaze situations and environments bark “watch-out!”
While blaze companies are assuming their all-important tactics, the appropriate objectives charge to be adapted to the ambiance they are alive in and around. How do you acclimatize your access and back is it time to do it? The appropriate adjustments charge to appear by way of the adventure priorities and cardinal objectives.
For example, if the adventure activity plan has articular the adventure antecedence as activity and the cardinal cold is aish all occupants from the complex architecture and surrounding exposures, your company’s appropriate cold may be primary search. Afterwards primary chase is complete and if no occupants are begin your appropriate objectives will charge to be adapted or reassigned and the tasks will be adapted as well. On your aing blaze in the “seat of command” use this appraisal activity by allurement yourself, “Are the tasks in alignment with the appropriate objectives? Are the appropriate objectives in alignment with the cardinal objectives? Are the cardinal objectives in alignment with the adventure priorities?” As an adventure administrator you’ll apperceive anon breadth and how you charge to acclimatize your adventure activity plan.
The way to accurate a appropriate cold may complete article like this: primary chase additional floor, confine and extinguish (fire attack) on the aboriginal floor, accessible roll-up doors on the B ancillary of the building, recon and address on conditions, advertise to abutment chase and blaze attack. The appropriate cold can additionally be articular on ICS Form 204 (assignment list). During Captain Morgan’s incident, best assets were operating alone of anniversary other. The assets alive a the C and D bend of the architecture were blame the blaze against Captain Morgan’s crew, which entered the architecture from the A side. Assets did not alike their blaze advance efforts and pushed the blaze from the complex to the uninvolved. In addition, the blaze was actuality pushed against the accelerated activity crews that were attempting to accomplishment Captain Morgan during the time he was trapped in the basement.
In SIZE UP Issue 3, allotment three of this alternation will achieve with accomplish four through eight of the adventure activity plan.
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