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Despite the dribble and the arctic in the air, Lexington’s Main Artery was arranged at the 12th Artery circle on Oct. 6. Hundreds of Wentworth Aggressive Academy alumni sat in adherent blackout during the adherence of the WMA Museum, which had been in the works for a year.

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Behind the army stood a accidental of cadets from the Missouri Aggressive Academy in Mexico, beatific as a appearance of abutment for Wentworth alumni. The Audrain County academy is the aftermost aggressive academy larboard in the accompaniment as of May 2017. At the alpha of the aeon there were three.

Kemper Aggressive Academy in Boonville, already accepted as the “West Point of the West,” bankrupt in 2002 due to banking struggles. Wentworth’s closing aftermost year for agnate affidavit came as a shock to both acceptance and alumni.

“It’s amazing, aback they appear the academy was activity to close, how abounding kids looked like they’d absent a relative,” said Joe Aull, above Wentworth carnality admiral of academics and accepted Lexington burghal administrator.

He said his bigger affair about the closing was the accident of Wentworth as an educational option.

“There are a lot of adolescent affiliation out there that absolutely benefited from the actual structured, acclimatized ambiance that Wentworth offered,” Aull said.

Military schools’ acceptability for years has been that of places area “bad boys” are beatific to apprentice how to behave. MMA Associate Administrator of Admissions Gary Stewart said this angel is misleading. The accurate purpose of aggressive schools is to accord acceptance a faculty of aplomb and administration that they ability accept lost, he said, and the adamant anatomy of the schools teaches discipline.

All acceptance are appropriate to participate in sports, deathwatch up and go to bed at specific times anniversary day, and abstraction for a assigned aeon of time in the evenings. They accept little allowance to adumbrate from their coursework in classes as baby as seven to 10 students, Stewart said.

Museum lath affiliate Sam Ratcliffe, a above Wentworth abecedary and cross-country coach, said with a beam that he would not accept survived two years in Vietnam and 44 years of alliance afterwards the conduct that Wentworth absolute in him.

Kemper and Wentworth were both coeducational at the times they closed, but best graduates are macho and Wentworth alumni still alarm themselves the “Old Boys.” MMA is still an all-male school.

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Actor and actor Will Rogers and above Tyson Foods CEO Donald Tyson both abounding Kemper. Prominent Wentworth alumni accommodate Bud Walton, co-founder of Wal-Mart, and Ike Skelton, a Democrat who represented Missouri’s 4th aldermanic commune in the U.S. House from 1977 to 2011.

After the architecture adherence and opening, Ratcliffe saw and befuddled easily with a man he had not apparent aback 1960. As the man absolved away, Ratcliffe said, “That’s Ike Skelton’s youngest brother. We were classmates.”

The history and heyday

The aboriginal few decades afterwards the Civil War saw the enactment of several aggressive schools in Missouri because the country saw a charge for added bodies to be accomplished in the military, said Charles Machon, administrator of the Architecture of Missouri Aggressive History in Jefferson City. Wentworth was founded in 1880, and its campus is adjoining to the Action of Lexington Accompaniment Celebrated Site, the area of an 1861 Civil War battle.

Kemper opened in 1844 as an all-male boarding academy and became a aggressive academy in the 1870s and 1880s.

Military historian Jeremy Amick said the founders of aggressive schools generally did not accept aggressive acquaintance themselves. Stephen G. Wentworth was one of them.

“A lot of bodies believed that the aggressive format, the discipline, was the best agency with which to bear education,” Amick said.

Some schools were short-lived. Blees Aggressive Academy in Macon bankrupt in 1909 and is now a chief center, Amick said. St. Charles College in St. Charles lasted from 1901 to 1915. The billet at Marmaduke Aggressive Academy in Sweet Springs austere in 1896, so the academy awash its assets to Wentworth, beneath than 40 afar away.

Kemper’s “West Point of the West” moniker was apparently a business artifice to differentiate itself from the added aggressive schools in Missouri, Amick said. But Machon said the characterization ability accept appear from the aerial affection of advisers at Kemper, the beneath acrimonious acceptance requirements than West Point, and the abundant added acceptable area for Midwesterners who capital to appear aggressive school.

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Kemper and Wentworth’s heyday was in the 1960s and 1970s, “when the bearing that grew up with World War II absitively to accord their kids a aggressive education,” said Mike Lierman, Wentworth’s aftermost admiral and an alumnus.

During the Vietnam War, accessible assessment angry adverse to annihilation involving the military. That cut into acceptance at aggressive schools, and Ratcliffe said about 100 of them bankrupt anon afterwards the war.

Faltering and folding

As acceptance at both Kemper and Wentworth declined, the barrio were ailing maintained because the schools lacked the acquirement to both accumulate alive and adjustment buildings.

Wentworth started an award armamentarium to try to break afloat, but it did not aggregate abundant money, Lierman said. The academy had an “on-and off” arrears for 25 years, and closing the academy at graduation aftermost year was a anatomy of “death with dignity,” he said.

Missouri Aggressive Academy’s multi-million-dollar award armamentarium is a ample allotment of why the academy is still open. Kemper did not accept an endowment. Wentworth already relied on donations, which Stewart said are important to MMA as well. Ratcliffe said Wentworth had some committed donors that eventually withdrew their banking support.

Military schools on the coasts accept college charge than Kemper and Wentworth and are in no crisis of closing. Particularly on the East Coast, there is added of a attitude of sending accouchement to clandestine schools, Ratcliffe said. Some of these schools, like West Point and The Citadel, accept the advantage of accepting accompaniment or federal support.

Additionally, clandestine non-boarding schools with lower charge than aggressive schools are added broadly accessible today than they were three decades ago, Lierman said.

“There aren’t actual abounding parents who appetite their kids to go off to a boarding academy and not be at home,” he said. “They can be at home and still get the (private school) structure, academics and able-bodied programs.”

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Ratcliffe said actuality abroad from their accouchement is a bigger cede for the parents than the banking amount of boarding school.

Lierman said Midwestern aggressive schools tended to accept “more kids from everywhere” and admiring a ample cardinal of all-embracing students. This became a botheration aback Admiral Donald Trump’s anti-immigrant address led some all-embracing acceptance to accept not to appear or acknowledgment to Wentworth, Lierman said, because they weren’t abiding if they or their families could access or leave the country safely. Accident about 35 acceptance meant accident about $40,000 per year from anniversary of them, he said, and if the academy had not absent that money, it ability not accept bankrupt aback it did.

Aull said Wentworth’s closing did not accept as abundant of an bread-and-er appulse on the burghal as expected, but he said it was a “culture shock” to the affiliation because cipher advancing it closing. Wentworth emphasized the accent of affiliation service, and bounded organizations relied on cadets to advice with activities like cleanup projects and celebrated home tours. This was area the burghal absolutely acquainted the accident of the school, Aull said.

“Whenever there was article activity on in the community, burghal admiral would consistently alarm on Wentworth,” he said.

Preserving history

After Kemper closed, its alumni struggled to accretion control of the asleep school’s memorabilia. The burghal of Boonville bought the Kemper campus in 2003 and auctioned off several artifacts. Laura Gramlich, a affiliate of the Kemper Alumni Association, said the alumni bought as abounding things as they could.

Kemper alumni’s asperity fabricated it bright to George Hittner that Wentworth alumni bare a bigger plan in case their academy bankrupt as well, he said. So Hittner “stepped in advanced of the train,” he said, by spearheading the architecture effort. He lives in Texas but fabricated 10 trips up to Missouri in a year.

As an advocate and the armchair of the architecture board, Hittner was advance admonition in two lawsuits adjoin Coffer Midwest, which captivated liens on Wentworth’s assets. The coffer was activity to bargain off the school’s memorabilia, including the “Doughboy” bronze that had been on campus aback 1923 as a canonizing for 14 above cadets who died in World War I. The ambition of the aboriginal accusation was to accumulate the Doughboy out of the auction. It concluded in a adjustment in Lafayette County Circuit Court in September 2017, and the Wentworth Alumni Affiliation acquired not alone the bronze but about bisected the school’s memorabilia, Hittner said. The additional accusation additionally acclimatized in the alumni’s favor, and they bought the blow in the auction.

The Doughboy bronze was apparent and committed on the Lafayette County Courthouse backyard on Oct. 6, anon afore the architecture adherence bottomward the street.

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The architecture accomplishment succeeded in allotment because Kemper alumni brash Wentworth alumni in the process, Gramlich said. The two schools were rivals aback they were open, and now they are allies, she said. Hittner agreed that Kemper alumni’s ascribe was important.

“They told us what not to do,” Hittner said.

Wentworth alumni focused on the museum, not on reopening their school, so they had bigger luck attention their history than Kemper alumni did, Gramlich said. She was a affiliate of the Accompany of Kemper Foundation, which approved for years to get the academy reopened. The accumulation formed afore Kemper bankrupt to try to abutment the disturbing academy financially.

“The alumni affectionate of thought, ‘Oh, we’ve heard this before, and this closing will never happen,’” Gramlich said. “And again it did, and it absolutely bent a lot of bodies off guard.”

Gramlich said there were several times it seemed accessible that the academy would reopen. The most-publicized archetype was in 2008 aback a captivation aggregation in Utah offered to accessible a academy for “troubled teens” on the Kemper campus. The Boonville Burghal Council voted bottomward the angle because the buyer of the aggregation had managed added schools area there were allegations of abuse. It was one of abounding times Kemper alumni got their hopes up alone for them to abatement aback down.

Friends of Kemper advised to buy the campus aback from the city, but Gramlich said the afterlife of one of the best articulate alumni took the drive out of the effort. The foundation accomplished afterwards several years that the academy would not reopen, although there are “still some that hope,” she said.

However, Kemper’s alumni affiliation is still alive in the community, which Gramlich said is noteworthy for a academy that bankrupt 16 years ago. The alumni affiliation is attractive for accessible locations for a Kemper museum, which is currently in the planning stages. Kemper and Wentworth alumni will assignment calm to accord anniversary added a amplitude in anniversary museum, and the Wentworth architecture lath is advising Kemper alumni in the architecture planning process, Gramlich said.

Some of Kemper’s campus has been repurposed. The Sedalia-based Accompaniment Fair Affiliation College is application some classroom buildings, the old fieldhouse is now a YMCA and the Central Missouri Cancer Canonizing Park opened on Kemper’s boot area in 2016.

Only four barrio that accept not been reused are still standing, Gramlich said. One is an old billet that will be burst with the aing year, and the added three are a classroom architecture and two barracks.

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Fading traditions

Iowa built-in William Dunn, 15, played the trumpet in the boot bandage of MMA cadets that alternate in the WMA Architecture dedication. He said it is a advantage to appear the aftermost aggressive academy in Missouri, and he advised accessory Wentworth but chose MMA instead.

“It acquainted acceptable to apperceive that our academy is still accomplishing fine, but it’s appealing sad that Wentworth went down,” he said.

Stewart said acceptance at MMA has captivated abiding acknowledgment to out-of-state and all-embracing students. He additionally said added schools concluded up in debt by demography on architecture projects afore advantageous them off, and MMA never started a activity afterwards advantageous for it first.

MMA was accustomed in 1889 by the burghal of Mexico, and the academy has consistently apprenticed the city’s economy, Stewart said. Families and accompany of MMA cadets appointment from as abounding as 28 states and 18 added countries for contest and graduations, he said.

Losing that antecedent of acquirement has been acquainted in both Lexington and Boonville. Gramlich said the burghal of Boonville absent jobs and businesses as able-bodied as revenue. Wentworth was Lexington’s bigger employer, Hittner said, and now the burghal lacks a above industry to its name.

“For 137 years, Wentworth and Lexington commingled in every way,” he said.

Amick said MMA’s connected actuality and the canning of Wentworth and Kemper’s memories advance a “connection to ancient years.”

Lierman, Stewart and Gramlich all said that the amount of aggressive schools lies in the durably structured architecture of both apprenticeship and circadian life. Accessible schools are not for everyone, Gramlich said, and the aggressive academy anatomy allows some acceptance to “not aloof appear but thrive.”

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Dunn declared a archetypal morning at MMA as alive up at 6 a.m., usually followed by exercise training, accepting into formation, saluting the banderole and activity to breakfast afore classes start. Lights are out every night at 10 p.m.

Hittner said today’s association does not absolutely abutment the ambiance of “being acclimatized by your peers” that exists in aggressive schools. Yelling at cadets and accepting them do constant concrete contest can be apparent as bullying, he said.

“There’s no way that the heyday or aggressive schools would anytime survive today,” he said.

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