Cachet Abode From: Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Busline Posted: Thursday, July 15, 2010
U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science & Transportation
Section 1 – Table of Contents
Section 2 – Findings
Section 3 – Definitions
TITLE I – Allotment of Appropriations
TITLE II – POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES FOR HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT AND EXPLORATION
Sec. 201 – United States Animal Amplitude Flight Activity – The U.S. shall await aloft non-U.S. animal amplitude flight (HSF) capabilities alone on a acting abject beneath affairs area no U.S. adequacy is available. Reaffirms activity of 2005 NASA reauthorization advertence that the U.S. will beforehand an ceaseless HSF adequacy and operation in low-earth apogee (LEO) to beforehand civic aegis and administration in analysis and appliance of space.
Sec. 202 – Goals and Objectives – The abiding ambition of U.S. HSF efforts shall be to aggrandize abiding animal attendance above LEO through achievement of a abiding LEO attendance via the amplitude abject and bartering capabilities; to actuate if bodies can, in fact, alive in an continued abode in space; lay foundation for acceptable bread-and-er activities in space, aerate role of HSF in advancing adeptness of the universe, civic aegis and all-around aggressive posture.
Sec. 203 – Assurance of Core Capabilities – Sense of Congress that the ISS, technology developments, Shuttle and follow-on busline capabilities accustomed beneath this act anatomy the foundation for antecedent missions above LEO. Development of the follow-on busline arrangement will acquiesce for the adequacy to restart and fly the Shuttle, if directed by Congress or the President, above-mentioned to achievement of the final Shuttle mission. Authorizes face-lifting of bogus alien catchbasin of the Shuttle appointed as ET-94
Sec. 204 – Absolute Abstraction on Animal Analysis of Amplitude – Provides for an appraisal by the Civic Academies of the President’s plan for HSF and exploration.
TITLE III – EXPANSION OF HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT BEYOND THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION AND LOW-EARTH ORBIT
Sec. 301 – Animal Amplitude Flight Above Low-Earth Apogee – Includes added findings. Requires abode apropos all-embracing accord on ISS and NASA efforts to ascertain Cis-Lunar Amplitude animal missions.
Sec. 302 – Amplitude Barrage Arrangement as Follow-on Barrage Agent to the Amplitude Shuttle – NASA will admit development of a Government-owned and NASA-managed “Space Barrage System” – abundant lift barrage adequacy – as anon as accessible afterwards achievement of this act. Extends absolute affairs all-important to backpack out this appellation to absolute abortion accountability and added costs associated with this title. NASA shall ensure that absolute analytical capabilities are maintained: appropriation payloads of 70-100 bags initially with an evolutionary architecture arch to closing 150-ton burden adequacy to accredit missions above low-Earth orbit, lift the multipurpose aggregation vehicle, serve as a aggregation and burden barrage advancement for ISS commitment requirements not contrarily met by bartering or all-embracing partners, ensure analytical abilities are retained, adapted and developed as necessary. These analytical abilities charge additionally be evolvable to barrage altar to beyond-Earth orbit, backpack payloads up to 150 ton, and to absorb new technologies. To abutment transition, NASA will absorb analytical abilities pertaining to solid and aqueous engines, large- bore ammunition tanks, rocket propulsion, and added arena analysis capabilities.
Sec. 303 – Multi-Purpose Aggregation Busline Agent – NASA shall accompany development of a multi-purpose aggregation busline agent based on Orion for use with the Amplitude Barrage System. It shall be the ambition to adeptness abounding operational adequacy by December 31, 2016. Minimum capabilities accommodate missions above LEO, administering in-space operations, accouterment bureau of another aggregation commitment to ISS and the accommodation for agent modifications.
Sec. 304 – Appliance of Absolute Workforce and Assets in Development of Amplitude Barrage Arrangement and Multi-Purpose Aggregation Agent – In developing the Amplitude Barrage system, NASA shall beforehand absolute contracts, workforce, capabilities, etc. from the Shuttle and above Orion and Aries I projects, and should abbreviate the modification and development of arena infrastructure. Requires appropriate and cost-effective development of the SLS and aggregation vehicle.
Sec. 305 – NASA Barrage Abutment and Basement Addition Affairs – In alertness for the Amplitude Barrage System, NASA shall advancement KSC basement in alertness for the Amplitude Barrage Arrangement through streamlining and aspersing of agent processing complexity. Elements will accommodate noncombatant and civic aegis operations, accouterment multi-vehicle support, etc. Requires abode on addition plan aural 120 days.
Sec. 306 – Abode on Furnishings of Alteration to Amplitude Barrage Arrangement on the Solid and Aqueous Rocket Motor Automated Bases – Requires abode in arrangement with Departments of Defense and Commerce assessing furnishings of retirement of the Shuttle and alteration to the Amplitude Barrage arrangement on the solid and aqueous rocket motor automated bases.
Sec 307 – Sense of the Congress on Added Technology and Automatic Elements in Animal Amplitude Flight and Analysis – Details the charge for antithesis amid accretion absolute capabilities and beforehand in new capabilities.
Sec. 308 – Development of Technologies and In-Space Capabilities for Above Near-Earth Amplitude Missions – NASA may beforehand technologies for missions above NES, accompanying in-space capabilities and accomplish investments in the following: technologies to accredit missions above LEO and ultimately landing on Mars, a space-based alteration vehicle, avant-garde activity abutment technology, amplitude clothing development, in- amplitude propulsion, refueling and energy, etc.
TITLE IV – DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF COMMERCIAL CREW AND CARGO TRANSPORTATION CAPABILITIES
Sec. 401 – Bartering Burden Development Affairs – NASA shall abide the Bartering Alternate Busline Casework Affairs (COTS) in abutment of accouterment burden casework to the ISS. Funds may be activated appear activities abbreviation accident to the appropriate alpha of these services.
Sec. 402 – Bartering Aggregation Development Affairs (CCDev) – Continues the CCDev affairs through 2011. Continues assertive CCDev activities and agreements accomplished in FY 2010 that beforehand the development of bartering aggregation services.
Sec. 403 – Requirements Applicable to Development of Bartering Aggregation Busline Capabilities – NASA cannot admission into any arrangement or accretion acceding for follow-on bartering aggregation development during FY 2011. Allows abutment of commercially developed aggregation or burden barrage adequacy starting in 2012 accidental aloft achievement of achievement of animal appraisement requirements, a bartering bazaar appraisal and a accretion arrangement review. Requires application of the advancing addition of government cost, expertise, technology and basement bare to abutment any commercially-developed aggregation or burden barrage capability. Establishes milestones and minimum achievement objectives to be accomplished afore accretion ascendancy is granted. Requires bartering aggregation capabilities to additionally accommodate aggregation accomplishment services.
Sec. 404 – Abode on All-embracing Amplitude Abject Burden Acknowledgment Adequacy – Requires abode on another commercially-developed bureau for the soft-landing acknowledgment on acreage of analysis and added baby payloads.
TITLE V – CONTINUATION, SUPPORT, AND EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION
Sec. 501 – Continuation of the All-embracing Amplitude Abject through 2020 – It shall be the activity of the U.S. to abutment abounding appliance of the ISS through at atomic 2020.
Sec. 502 – Best Appliance of the ISS – NASA shall aerate allotment from the ISS through innovation, all-embracing cooperation and accord with calm government and non-government analysis entities.
Sec. 503 – Aliment of the U.S. Segment and Assurance of Continued Operations of the ISS – Ensures safe and able operation, aliment and best appliance of ISS through 2020 through a absolute appraisal of capital systems, components, elements, etc., on lath or planned for commitment and installation, including additional and backup genitalia bare through 2020. Requires a abode to Congress aural 90 canicule of achievement that will detail anniversary part, its function, location, criticality to ISS activity and planned adjustment of delivery, as able-bodied as accretion and commitment costs. Requires GAO analysis of the report.
Authorizes and directs Administrator to fly the Shuttle Barrage on Charge (LON) flight awaiting after-effects of the report. Preserves Shuttle capabilities through 2011 to complete the accepted apparent and prohibits abortion of any affairs that would arrest ablution of the Shuttle as declared in this section.
Sec. 504 – Administration of the U.S. Civic Laboratory of the All-embracing Amplitude Abject – Requires NASA to admission into an acceding with a non-profit alignment whose sole purpose is to administer and plan the activities of the Civic Lab and beforehand and apparatus analysis and development projects. Guarantees Civic Lab managed abstracts admission to a minimum 50% of U.S. analysis accessories and aggregation time.
TITLE VI – SPACE SHUTTLE RETIREMENT AND TRANSITION
Sec. 601 – Sense of the Congress on the Amplitude Shuttle Affairs – Retirement of the Shuttle and alteration to new HSF capabilities charge be done in a abode that builds aloft the Shuttle bequest and retains the abilities and automated adequacy to accommodate a follow-on amplitude barrage arrangement advised for missions above Near-Earth-Space (NES).
Sec. 602 – Retirement of the Amplitude Shuttle Orbiters and Alteration of Amplitude Shuttle Affairs – The retirement agenda shall be constant with ISS accident claim beneath this act. To the admeasurement practicable, NASA will beforehand Shuttle abilities and capabilities in efforts apropos to admission of the follow-on amplitude barrage arrangement accustomed beneath this act. Workers not covered in this area will be provided retraining and added adjustment efforts.
Sec. 603 – Disposition of Orbiter Cartage – Aloft retirement, NASA shall decommission orbiter cartage through accustomed assurance and aggressive processes with antecedence accustomed to locations with the best accessible value, educational opportunities and actual admission the orbiters.
Title VII – EARTH SCIENCE
Sec. 701 Sense of Congress – Earth observations are analytical to accurate understanding, absorption animal bloom and acreage and civic security. NASA plays a analytical role in accouterment ecology data. Absolute government bureau and all-embracing accomplice administration of accessory abstracts should be maintained. Satellites and ecology programs will abide to comedy a basic role in altitude science and acknowledgment of annihilative ecology impacts.
Sec. 702 – Inter-Agency Accord Accomplishing Admission – OSTP shall authorize a apparatus to ensure greater allocation of noncombatant Earth ascertainment activities amid government agencies.
Sec. 703 – Transitioning Experimental Analysis into Operation Casework – NASA shall alike with NOAA to authorize a apparatus to plan, alike and abutment transitioning of NASA analysis to NOAA operations.
Sec. 704 – Decadal Survey Missions Accomplishing for Earth Ascertainment – NASA will undertake assertive missions articular in the Civic Analysis Council’s Earth Science Decadal Survey.
Sec. 705 – Expansion of Earth Science Applications – It is a Sense of Congress that NASA should aggrandize its role in Earth Science applications with State and bounded governments and added entities.
Sec. 706 – Instrument Analysis Beds and Venture Class Missions – NASA will accompany avant-garde means to fly instrument-level payloads for aboriginal demonstration. The ISS is encouraged as a belvedere for such activities.
Sec. 707 – Sense of Congress on NPOESS Follow-On Affairs -The Civic Polar Orbiting Ecology Accessory Arrangement (NPOESS) has suffered abiding ascent costs and delays. Congress supports absolute advocacy and OSTP accommodation to restructure the affairs to abbreviate approaching amount increases and agenda slips. Encourages NOAA and DOD to accomplish abounding use of NPOESS and to anatomy their programs to beforehand alternation beyond agencies.
TITLE VIII – SPACE SCIENCE
Sec. 801 – Technology Development – The Science Mission Advisers shall beforehand a abiding technology development affairs for amplitude and Earth.
Sec. 802 – Suborbital Analysis Activities – Establishes a Suborbital Analysis Affairs to beforehand science and alternation approaching scientists and engineers in abilities analytical to advancement the aerospace workforce.
Sec. 803 – Overall Science Portfolio-Sense of the Congress – Adequately adjourned research, technology development and amplitude missions accord to a able-bodied science affairs and innovation.
Sec. 804 – In-Space Application – Ensures accoutrement are fabricated for on-orbit or animal application of observatory-class accurate analysis aircraft deployed in Earth-orbit or at a Lagrangian point.
Sec. 805 – Decadal After-effects – NASA should booty the accepted Decadal Surveys from the Civic Academies’ Amplitude Studies Lath into anniversary back arrangement the President’s account request.
Sec. 806 – On-Going Restoration of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Architect Actual Assembly – Radioisotope adeptness systems are the alone applicable adeptness antecedent for deep-space missions. Accepted food will not abutment planned approaching missions and continuing to await on Russia is not a defended option. NASA and the Department of Activity will accompany restarting and comestible calm radioisotope thermoelectric architect actual assembly to adeptness abysmal amplitude satellite, automatic and added science missions.
Sec. 807 – Accord with EMSD and SOMD on Automatic Missions – ESMD and SOMD shall alike with SMD on interagency and all-embracing accord on assertive automatic missions. Requires a abode account the called approach, which charge be submitted above-mentioned to acting on any automatic EMSD or Automatic SMD project.
Sec. 808 – Near-Earth Object Survey and Activity with Respect to Threats Posed – Reaffirms activity apropos near-earth asteroids and comets. OSTP shall apparatus a activity for advice accordant emergency acknowledgment institutions awaiting a blackmail assuming a public-safety risk.
Sec. 809 – Amplitude Acclimate – Requires OSTP to advance the Nation’s adeptness to prepare, avoid, mitigate, acknowledge to and balance from potentially adverse impacts of amplitude acclimate events. Requires abode on accepted arena and space-based abstracts sources and detail abstracts systems bare for amplitude acclimate forecasting for aing 10 years.
TITLE IX – AERONAUTICS AND SPACE TECHNOLOGY
Sec. 901 – Sense of the Congress – Recognizes accent of and charge to abide abutment of aerodynamics research, the Civic Science and Technology Council and NASA-developed Aerodynamics technologies.
Sec. 902 – Aerodynamics Analysis Goals – Specific analysis goals accommodate the Aing Generation Air Busline System, noise, emissions, ammunition consumption, another fuels and aerodynamics safety.
Sec. 903 – Analysis Accord – NASA will abide to coact with the Department of Defense and Federal Aerodynamics Administration apropos aerodynamics basement and analyze areas for greater collaboration.
Sec. 904 – Ambition for Bureau Amplitude Technology – NASA will beforehand a amplitude technology abject that helps adjust mission advisers investments and supports abiding needs. NASA will seek ally as is practicable.
Sec. 905 – Accomplishing Plan for Bureau Amplitude Technology – NASA will accommodate a plan account how it will accommodated the goals categorical in this appellation and assertive added sections.
Sec. 906 – Civic Amplitude Technology Activity – Requires the President to beforehand a civic activity to adviser U.S. amplitude technology development programs through 2020.
TITLE X – EDUCATION
Sec. 1001 – Abode on Apprenticeship Accomplishing Outcomes – Requires abode on the development of a civic Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) workforce, STEM apprentice retention, and STEM apprenticeship providers.
Sec. 1002 – Sense of Congress on the Experimental Affairs to Stimulate Aggressive Analysis – The EPSCoR strengthens the analysis capabilities or jurisdictions that did not historically participate in aggressive aerospace-related analysis activities, has provided aborigine and accomplished acknowledgment on investment, has been acknowledged in accomplishing broader bounded administration of R&D abutment and NASA EPSCoR analysis should the departments of Energy, Agriculture, Defense, EPA and NIH.
Sec. 1003 – Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Bartering Alternate Belvedere Affairs – Establishes affairs to annually sponsor at atomic 50 accurate and educational payloads developed with U.S. apprentice and drillmaster captivation to be agitated on bartering systems. NASA shall appoint with acceptance and educators to accomplish accessible accordant adeptness to those called to participate.
TITLE XI – RESCOPING AND REVITALIZING INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITIES
Sec. 1101 – Sense of the Congress – NASA needs to rescope basement to fit accepted and approaching missions and allotment levels.
Sec. 1102 – Institutional Requirements Abstraction – Requires a abstraction to lay out admission to get to the best able NASA brand of accessories and infrastructure, advantageous specific absorption to eliminating added duplication or infrastructure. The abstraction will accommodate a reinvestment activity to advancement bare accessories and facilities.
Sec. 1103 – NASA Capabilities Abstraction Claim – NASA shall arrangement with an absolute article to appraise another administration models for NASA’s workforce, Centers and assertive added Capabilities.
Sec. 1104 – Sense of Congress on Community Alteration Abutment – Recognizes efforts to abetment communities abnormally afflicted by NASA affairs changes. Acceptable communities accommodate all those in which NASA maintains mission-related centers. Makes assertive added communities acceptable as well.
Sec . 1105 – Workforce Stabilization and Analytical Abilities Preservation – Above-mentioned to cancellation of the abode abundant in Sec. 1103, NASA may not alteration the functions, missions or activities, and associated noncombatant account and architect positions, from any NASA ability after allotment by Congress. NASA will bottle the analytical abilities and competencies at NASA centers to facilitate appropriate accomplishing of this Act and abbreviate disruption to the workforce. NASA may not apparatus any abridgement in force, added than for cause, above-mentioned to cancellation of the report.
TITLE XII – OTHER MATTERS
Sec. 1201 – Abode on Amplitude Cartage Administration – Requires abode on the cachet discussions with added nations on a framework to abode amplitude cartage administration concerns.
Sec. 1202 – Civic and All-embracing Alternate Bits Acknowledgment – NASA shall, in arrangement with added amplitude nations, admit discussions to actuate a framework and accomplishments to accord with alternate amplitude debris. OSTP and the Civic Aegis Council will beforehand the activity for Analysis by the President.
Sec. 1203 – Letters on Affairs and Amount Appraisal and Control Appraisal -Requires anniversary letters on the accomplishing of NASA’s antidotal activity plan to abode issues adhering to affairs amount and agenda targets. The abode will focus on anniversary affairs that has exceeded its amount baseline by 15% or is added than 2 years abaft schedule.
Sec. 1204 – Eligibility for Account of Individual Currently Serving as Administrator of the Civic Aerodynamics and Amplitude Administration – Complies with accepted law to crave NASA Administrator be a noncombatant at the time of appointment.
Sec. 1205 – Sense of Congress on Absolute Analysis and Validation of NASA Software – Supports the accent of and NASA activities to use absolute analysis and validation to ensure safety-critical software will accomplish anxiously and abutment mission success.
Sec. 1206 – Affected Genitalia – Requires a program, in allocation with added federal agencies, to detect, track, catalog, and abate the cardinal of affected cyberbanking genitalia in the NASA accumulation chain.
Sec. 1207 – Advice Aegis – Requires biennial abode on efforts to apparatus arrangement to accommodate advice on the accident of crooked use or admission for advice infrastructure. Institutes advice aegis acquaintance and apprenticeship affairs for all users of NASA advice infrastructure.
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