On a contempo program, we explained that alive aloof a few basis words in English can advice you accept the acceptation of hundreds added words.
To brace your memory, a basis chat is the simplest anatomy of a word. For example, two forms of the basis for the chat “see” are vis- and vid- such as in the words “television” and “video.”
Today, we will acquaint you about prefixes and suffixes – groups of belletrist that arise at the ancestry and endings of words.
Learning the meanings of accepted prefixes and suffixes can advice you accept alien English words you appear across. It can additionally advice you become bigger at spelling words.
Let’s alpha with prefixes.
A prefix is a letter or a accumulation of belletrist that we add to the alpha of a word. Prefixes change the meanings of words. For example, the prefix un- (or u-n) can beggarly “not,” “remove,” or “opposite.” Abacus un- to the chat “happy” gives you the chat “unhappy,” which agency not happy.
U-n and r-e (or re-) are the two best accepted prefixes in the English language. Re- agency “again” or “back,” such as in the words “rethink” “redo” and “repay.”
Here are a few things to bethink back acquirements prefixes:
Now, let’s about-face to suffixes.
A suffix is a letter or accumulation of belletrist added to the end of a word. Suffixes are frequently acclimated to appearance the allotment of accent of a word. For example, abacus “ion” to the verb “act” gives us “action,” the noun anatomy of the word. Suffixes additionally acquaint us the verb close of words or whether the words are plural or singular.
Some accepted suffixes are -er, -s, -es, -ed, -ing and -ly.
Here are a few things to bethink back acquirements suffixes:
There are added suffix rules, but they accord with spelling and can be abstruse with time and practice.
A affair to accumulate in apperception about both prefixes and suffixes is that some are alone acclimated with some words. For example, we add the suffix -ful to some nouns to beggarly “full of,” such as in the words “beautiful” or “helpful.” But, we cannot add -ful to aloof any noun. You could not, for example, say “loveful” to beggarly abounding of love.
So, what are some means that you can convenance accepted prefixes and suffixes?
One way is to use online flashcards from websites like Quizlet. You can accept sets of cards that are already fabricated or actualize and use your own sets. Or, you can accomplish your own flashcards with pieces of paper.
Once you’ve spent time practicing, booty a account adventure or folio in a book and attending for words that accept the prefixes and suffixes you learned. Then, use what you apperceive about the acceptation of the basis words to assumption the meanings of those words.
Learning prefixes and suffixes will not alone body your cant but can accomplish alien English words a lot beneath frightening.
I’m Phil Dierking. And I’m Alice Bryant.
Alice Bryant wrote this adventure for Acquirements English. George Grow was the editor.
spell – v. to say, write, or book the belletrist of a chat (gerund: spelling)
practice – n. to do article afresh and afresh in adjustment to become bigger at it
vowel – n. one of the belletrist a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y
flashcard – n. a agenda that has words, numbers, or pictures on it and that is acclimated to advice acceptance apprentice about a subject
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