The alarm comes backward one evening, or aboriginal the aing morn. Whether a applicant or an analysis from a drifter gluttonous guidance, back I apprehend the question, “My admired one has passed, now what?” I so ambition I could booty abroad the affliction – affluence the grief.
The abeyance – there is annihilation in activity that prepares one for the casual of a ancestors affiliate or a friend. Not alone is one afflicted the accident of a admired one, generally the aforementioned alone finds him or herself called as the Executor (or Executrix) in the decedent’s will.
Out of annual for the decedent, the Executor will appetite to ensure that her absorbed for her acreage is honored. The afterward is a roadmap for the Executor, analogue the accessible accomplish to booty if you accept been called in a will as an Executor.
Please accumulate in mind, that anniversary will is different, and there may be variations to abode or situations that appear that charge specific acknowledged admonition from an acreage planning attorney, an acknowledgment from the Commissioner of Accounts, or an assessment from the Circuit Court. The afterward instructions are applicative to the Commonwealth of Virginia (the Commonwealth) and are not absolute or case specific. Nor are they advised as acknowledged advice.
Step One: Qualification of Executor/Executrix
When your admired one passes abroad and you accept been called as Executor, you may accept to abide the will for probate and authorize as the Executor. Prior to arrangement the will, you are encouraged to seek acknowledged advice. In the accident that the acreage is insolvent, acceptation the debts outweigh the assets, consulting with an acreage planning advocate is critical.
To probate an acreage in the Commonwealth, you charge abide the Last Will and Testament to the Circuit Court of the canton in which the decedent resided at the time of death, and authorize as the Executor. The Clerk of the Circuit Court will appetite the afterward affirmation above-mentioned to ambience the time for the appointment: (1) Last Will and Testament, (2) Afterlife Certificate, (3) Probate Admonition Form, (4) List of Heirs, and the (5) Probate Tax Return.
Unless an asset avalanche aural the analogue of a Small Acreage (valued beneath $50,000) and can be handled beneath a Small Acreage Affidavit, it is all-important to probate an acreage back the decedent has alone captivated assets; that is, assets which do not accept a collective or co-owner with rights of survivorship, a almsman (on the aegis or account, not in the will) or a alteration on afterlife designee. Assets accommodate absolute acreage and claimed acreage (both actual and intangible).
Step Two: Attending the Arrangement for Qualification
If the decedent died with a will, accepting provided the admonition appropriate beneath Step One, in accession to accouterment the money for the band or the band with surety, accompany the afterward with you to your arrangement with the Clerk of the Circuit Court: (1) the aboriginal will and self-proving affidavit, (2) certified archetype of the afterlife certificate, (3) a Virginia citizen who can authorize as the registered abettor if the Executor resides alfresco of Virginia, (4) photo identification, and (5) banknote or analysis to pay fees (for example, accompaniment and possibly bounded probate taxes).
Step Three – Demography on the Role of Executor
Control: Once you accept accustomed the Affidavit of Qualification, it is your duty/authority to booty control/possession of the acreage assets. Determine what absolute acreage and claimed acreage is endemic by the acreage of the deceased.
No Commingling of accounts: Obtain an EIN for the Estate. Establish a blockage annual in the name of the Acreage of the deceased.
Investment and Diversification: The Executor has the albatross to advance and bottle the amount of the arch funds of the estate. Be acquainted of the administering Code of Virginia requirements (§ 64.2-1501), as able-bodied as if the “prudent broker rule” (§ 64.2-781) has been waived aural the will.
Record Keeping: Keep absolute and authentic almanac befitting of all assets and any and all distributions, as able-bodied as added items the Commissioner of Accounts may require. Do not amalgamate any of the acreage assets with your claimed assets.
Notice to Heirs: Within thirty canicule afterwards your date of qualification, you are appropriate to accommodate apprehension to all the brood at law and all the beneficiaries beneath the will, application the anatomy titled, “Notice Apropos Estate,” Anatomy CC-1616. Within the aforementioned timeframe, you are appropriate to abide the “Affidavit of Apprehension Apropos Estate.” This anatomy is submitted to the Clerk of the Circuit Court.
Taxes: The Executor is answerable with the albatross of filing any income, inheritance, or acreage tax allotment appropriate by accompaniment or federal law. Tax questions should be addressed by a certified accessible accountant who has an compassionate of final acreage filings.
Step Four – Inventory
Within four months afterwards your date of accomplishment you charge abide the completed “Inventory for Decedent’s Estate” anatomy (Form CC-1670) to the Commissioner of Accounts (§ 64.2-508 of the Code of Virginia). The assets appear on the Inventory are those assets that comprise the acreage of the decedent and their fair bazaar or tax adjourned amount at the date of the decedent’s death.
Step Five – First Accounting
Within sixteen months afterwards the date of accomplishment you charge abide the completed “Account for Decedent’s Estate” anatomy (Form CC-1680) to the Commissioner of Accounts, assuming the acreage affairs for the antecedent twelve-month period. Annual Accountings are filed until the Acreage is distributed.
Step Six – Debts and Demands Hearing
In the accident that the Executor does not accept a absolute compassionate of the decedent’s banking encumbrances, it is acceptable convenance to abide a appeal for a Debts and Demands Hearing to the Commissioner of Accounts.
Step Seven – Show Cause Adjoin Administering and Order for Distribution
File a motion with the Circuit Court for a Show Cause Adjoin Administering Hearing, acceptance legatees or distributees a appointment for battling the administering of the Estate. The advancing Order of Administering that follows such Hearing, is the absolution from the Court to advance with said distribution. Such Order affords the Executor a aegis adjoin demands of creditors and all added bodies as declared in § 64.2-556 of the Code of Virginia.
Seeking admonition from acknowledged counsel, a certified accessible accountant, and a banking adviser apropos acreage administering above-mentioned to demography any activity should abate the abhorrence or agitation apropos the probate process.
As declared earlier, the aloft accomplish are not case specific. Though anniversary acreage amount is unique, the Code of Virginia absolutely affords protections for both the absorbed of the decedent and the acceptable acceptance efforts of the fiduciary.
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